Monday, 1 April 2019

MA English: The Canterbury Tales Lines 1-12

Old English

1.) whan that Aprill with his Shoures soote

2.) The Droghte of March hath Perced to the roote

3.) And bathed every Veyne in swich licour

4.) Of which vertu engendred is the flour;

5.) Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth
6.) Inspired hath in every holt and heeth
7.) Tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne
8.) Hath in the Ram his halves cours yronne,
9.) And smale foweles maken melodye
10.) That slepen al the nyght with open ye
11.) (so priketh hem Nature in hir corages);
12.) Thanne longen folk to goon on Pilgrimages
Modern English:
1) when in April the sweet showers fall
2.) Piercing to the root the March Drought, above all
3.) when the botanical veins are bathed in such a moisture
4.) That has the power to engender the flower;
5.) when also the west wind with its sweet breath,
6.) Has revived life again in each wilderness and heath,
7.) And in all Tender Buds, and when the young sun
8.) Into the Ram one half his course has run,
9.) when many tittle birds that compose melody
10.) Sleep through all the night with open eye
11.) when nature stirs their hearts on songs to engage
12.) Then people like to go on pilgrimage


A paraphrase is a restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words. 
Line 1) When the sweet (rainy) showers of April have uprooted(removed) the drought (dryness) of march, when(line 3) these vernal (of spring season) outpourings (rains) have bathed the vein (rib) of every botanical leaf  in their moisture, whose animating power produces the flower, when (line 5) zephvr (the west wind) has also inspired with its sweet (life-giving) breath every holt (grove) and heath (wasteland) to begin to grow new tender shoots (buds or stems), when (line vii) the young sun has run his half –course in the Ram, when (line 9) small fowls (birds) begin to create joyful melody in their songs, when (line 10) by the advent (approach)  of spring these birds begin to sleep at night with open eyes, when (line 11) nature motivates them to feel romantic liveliness in their hearts, then (line 12) and then alone the common folk (people) wish to go on pilgrimage to various shrines (tomb).
In these lines, the writer Chaucer explains the importance of rains of April and its effects on the nature  trees and common folk. He declares that theses rains removed the dryness of march and cause of it new flowers created on the trees. When west wind touch these trees a new buds and stems appeared on the trees. The birds sing a new songs due to these season. A very attracting environment of this month. Birds sleep open eyes in this weather. Natural romance motivates the common people, they visited on different places or shrines for visit and enjoyment.  

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