Monday, 1 April 2019

MA English: The Canterbury Tales Lines 43-55


Old English

43.) A knyght the was, and that worthy man,
44.) That fro the
tyme that he first bigan
45.) to
riden out, he loved chivrlrie,
46.)
Trouthe and honour, fredom and curteisie.
47.)
Ful worthy was he in his lordes werre,
48.) And
therto hadde he riden, no man ferre,
49.) As
wel in cristendom as in hethenesse,
50.) And
evere honoured for his worthynesse.
51.) At
Alisaundre he was whan it was wonne.
52.)
Ful ofte tyme he hadde the bord bigonne
53.)
Aboven alle nacions in pruce;
54.) in
Lettow hadde he reysted and n Ruce,
55.) No
cristen man so ofte of his degree,

Modern English

43.) The knight  with us was a worthy man,
44.) Who from the time when he first began
45.) To gallop his horse, loved chivalry,
46.) Truth, honour, freedom, and courtesy.
47.) Very competent was he in his feudal lord’s  campaigns.
48.) No other Rider could follow him in storms or rains.
49.) He fought as well in Christian as in any other territory,
50.) He was Honoured everywhere for his typical chivalry.
51.) He was seen at Alexandria, When it was won.
52.) Often the international conferences he had begun,
53.) Particularly when nations gathered in Prussia.
54.) He led military expeditions in Lithuania and Russia
55.) No Christian Knight could surpass his gallantry

The Difficult Word Meaning:


Old word
Modern
Meaning
Knyght
Knight:  Person Name

Ther
There

Fro
From

Tyme
Time

Bigan
Began

Chivalry
Chivalry or gallantry or bravery

To Riden Out
To gallop His Horse

Trouthe
Veracity or truthfulness

Fredom
Freedom or emancipation

Curteisye
Civility or etiquette or decorum

Ful
Very,


Old word
Modern
Meaning
Worthy
Immaculate or flawless

Lordes
Lord’s

Werre
warfare

Therto
For this purpose

Hadde
Had
Ridden
Ridden or galloped his horse
Ferre
Farther or to more distant places

Wel
Well

Cristendom
Land of Christians

Heathenesse
Heathendom/Pagan/ Non Christian

Ever
Forever, always

Old word
Modern
Meaning
Worthynesse
Worthiness

Alisaundre
Alexandria, The Egyptian Seaport

Wonne
Won

Ofte
Often

Boord
The round table conference

Bigonne
Begun or inaugurated

Aboven
Above

Alle
All

Nacions
Nations

Pruce
Prussia
Lettow
Lithuania

Old word
Modern
Meaning
Reised
Joined Military expeditions

Ruce
Russia

Cristen
Christian

Degree
Status of chivalry

Paraphrase: 

There was a knight and the fact remains that he was a worthy (Admirable) man. Since (right from the time when)  he first began to ride his horse, he had been loving; (i) chivalry (ii) Truth (iii) Honour (iv) freedom and (v) courtesy. He Was always found very worthy (valiant or courageous) in his overload’s (feudal superior’s) warfare. For the purpose of such war campaigns, he had travelled farther than any other knight in Christian as well as in heathen (Non- Christian) territories (lands). He was always honoured for his worthiness. The knight was Alexandria, Egypt, when it was conquered. Very often he had taken the lead above all the nations in Prussia. He had joined military expeditions in both Russia and Lithuania, a Baltic republic in South Latvia and north-west of Poland. No Christian man could so often equal his degree of excellence.

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