Monday, 1 April 2019

MA English- Geoffrey Chaucer Biography- Part 2

life, Age & Major Works:

Life:
6.) Chaucer was no ordinary courtier but a brilliant man, and a gifted poet. His intellectual qualities soon attracted the attention of the king who began to employ him on important diplomatic mission abroad. This mission were usually of a commercial nature concerned with trade relations and raising money for the king. The fact that he was employed more than once on such mission, proves that he was trustworthy and discharged his duties efficiently. In 1372, he was sent to Sevoa and in 1378 to Ohlan, both important Italian cities, on official Business.

6.) Chaucer was no ordinary courtier but a brilliant man, and a gifted poet. His intellectual qualities soon attracted the attention of the king who began to employ him on important diplomatic mission abroad. These mission were usually of a commercial nature concerned with trade relations and raising money for the king. The fact that he was employed more than once on such mission, proves that he was trustworthy and discharged his duties efficiently. In 1372 he was sent to Sevoa and in 1378 to Ohlan, both important Italian cities, on official Business.

7.) Though he was a busy official, yet he found time to indulge his passion for books. He was a voracious(engaging in an activity with great eagerness or enthusiasm) reader and read books in Latin, French, Anglo-Norman and Italian. His studies were not confined to literature only. He read books on contemporary science, especially book on astronomy, astrology, medicine, psychology, physics and alchemy and he made use of his scientific knowledge in his poetry. In literature his favorite authors were Vergil, Ovid, Statius Seneca and Cicero, among the classical writers. He was full acquainted with French poetry particularly the famous “Roman Dela Rose” which he translated into English.
8.) Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio were his favorite Italian writers. He was quite familiar with the medieval religious literature but the work which influences him most deeply was “Consolations of philosophy”(a nonfiction book by Alain de Botton) of Boethius. He pursued his studies on the one hand, and on the second he wrote a great deal of poetry which he read before his sophisticated and cultured court audiences. Thus, his stock continued to rise, and he was given promotion in his official career. In 1374, he become comptroller of Customs and subsidies on wools, skins, and hides at the port of London in 1382, Comptroller of petty Customs, in 1385 justice of the peace for the country of Kent, in 1386 knight of the shire.

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