Monday, 1 April 2019

MA Englsih: The Canterbury Tales Lines 69-78

Old English:

69.) And of his port as meeke as is a mayde
70.) He never yet no Vileynye ne sayde
71.) In al his lyf unto no manner wight.
72.) He was a verray, parfit gentil knyght.
73.) But, for to tellen yow of his array,
74.) His hors were goode, but he was nat  gay.
75.) Of fustin he wered a gypon
76.) Al bismotered with his habergeon
77.) For he was late ycome from his viage,
78.) And wente for to doon his pilgrymage.

Modern English:

69.) in his behaviour, he was as meek as a maiden
70.) As he never spoke any vulgar word like a villain
71.) In all his life, he was polite, with any person whosoever.
72.) Thus, he was a truly perfect and gentle knight forever.
73.) Let me now tell you how he was dressed and equipped.
74.) His Horse was not gaudily but goodly harnessed.
75.) Made of fustian, wore he his jupon
76.) Smothered under his habergeon.
77.) He had just returned from his chivalrous voyage.
78.) And now he was going on this pilgrimage.


The Difficult Word Meaning:
Old word
Modern
Meaning
Port
Demeanor, etiquette, conduct
Meeke
Meek, Submissive, humble
Mayde
Maid, unmarried young woman
Vileynye
Villainy, wicked, boorish language
Al
All
No manere
Any type of
Wight
Person
Verray
Very, truly
Parfit
Perfect
Gentile
Gentle
Yow
You

Old word
Modern
Meaning
Array
Array or dress
Hors
Horse
Goode
Good
Nat gay
Not faily, gaudily showily dressed
Fustian
A coarse, heavy clothe
Wered
Wore
Gypon
Gipon, jupon
Bismotered
Smothered, or covered quickly
Habergeon
Habergeon, a shot coat of mail without sleeves.
Late
Recently
Viage
Chivalrous, military voyage
Wente
Went
Doon
Do, perform

Paraphrase:

                              In his behaviour, the knight was as humble as a young maiden. In all his life, he never  said any word of wickedness to any person. He was very perfectly gentle knight. I express you now about his dress. His good-looking horse was not gaudily (ostentatiously or showily) dressed. He wore a jupon (a sleeveless jacket or close-fitting jacket extending down over the hips) made of fustian cloth (a king of coarse, twilled cotton fabric including the variety's moleskin, velveteen, corduroy, etc.). His jupon was all smothered (covered up thickly) by his habergeon ( a short sleeves iron-made coat of chain-mail originally lighter than a hauberk which is a long coat of chain-mail sometimes ending in short trousers). His martial (warlike) dress showed that he had just returned from his military voyage. He was now going with us to do his pilgrimage to the Canterbury cathedral whose trinity chapel, to the rear of the high altar, contain the shrine of St. Thomas a Becket the 40

                              In his behaviour, the knight was as humble as a young maiden. In all his life, he never  said any word of wickedness to any person. He was very perfectly gentle knight. I express you now about his dress. His good-looking horse was not gaudily (ostentatiously or showily) dressed. He wore a jupon (a sleeveless jacket or close-fitting jacket extending down over the hips) made of fustian cloth (a king of coarse, twilled cotton fabric including the variety's moleskin, velveteen, corduroy, etc.). His jupon was all smothered (covered up thickly) by his habergeon (a short sleeves iron-made coat of chain-mail originally lighter than a hauberk which is a long coat of chain-mail sometimes ending in short trousers). His martial (warlike) dress showed that he had just returned from his military voyage. He was now going with us to do his pilgrimage to the Canterbury cathedral whose trinity chapel, to the rear of the high altar, contain the shrine of St. Thomas a Becket the 40
 In his behaviour, the knight was as humble as a young maiden. In all his life, he never  said any word of wickedness to any person. He was very perfectly gentle knight. I express you now about his dress. His good-looking horse was not gaudily (ostentatiously or showily) dressed. He wore a jupon (a sleeveless jacket or close-fitting jacket extending down over the hips) made of fustian cloth (a king of coarse, twilled cotton fabric including the variety's moleskin, velveteen, corduroy, etc.). His jupon was all smothered (covered up thickly) by his habergeon ( a short sleeves iron-made coat of chain-mail originally lighter than a hauberk which is a long coat of chain-mail sometimes ending in short trousers). His martial (warlike) dress showed that he had just returned from his military voyage. He was now going with us to do his pilgrimage to the Canterbury cathedral whose trinity chapel, to the rear of the high altar, contain the shrine of St. Thomas a Becket the 40th archbishop of Canterbury, who was murdered in this very cathedral in 1170.

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